Basketball
A website project by Matthew Geng
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Brief History

At the International YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, James Naismith, a Canadian physical education instructor, was tasked with creating a new indoor sports activity in less than 2 weeks. Soon enough he invented the game of basketball in late 1891.

Eventually, Naismith wrote 13 simple rules for the game, and nailed up two peach baskets for hoops. Of the 13 rules, nine have been slightly, modified and kept in the modern game of basketball, the rest have been disregarded.

In fact the most recognizable characteristic of basketball, bouncing the ball, was prohibited or not included in the original game.

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Original Rules
  1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
  2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands.
  3. A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed.
  4. The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it.
  5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute.
  6. A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5.
  7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents.
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  1. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal.
  2. When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The "thrower-in" is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
  3. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made.
  4. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee.
  5. The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between.
  6. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.
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My name is Matthew Geng and I’m 15 years old. I was born in Vancouver and moved to Victoria before pre-school. Currently, I consider myself to be a student-athlete in which I strive for academic achievement with athletics.

Being a part of demanding commitments it's difficult to have a balanced life. To illustrate, I’m part of Team BC for not only, basketball, but also, chess. Likewise, I have hobbies, such as video editing, programming, etc. Furthermore, I can’t settle for anything less than my best, potential, or what I know I can achieve. As a result, things that may seem simple to most people are often complex and time consuming for me.

About Me
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Mentality

A lot of basketball players let alone atheletes in general, including me, can sometimes struggle with having the right mentality. This would include, being confident, believing in yourself, having fun, not worrying about mistakes, and countless other mental aspects. As a result, the lack of being "mentally there" often stops people from achieving their goals. Interestingly, this problem is often overlooked. Many who struggle with this think “I just need to work harder”. Though practicing and practicing hard is one of the best ways to improve confidence, for most people it’s often a deeper problem. I believe that you have to work on your mental games as much as your physical. Additionally, a lot of mental problems boil down to the constant worry of people judging you. Consequently, simply, going out of your comfort zone and doing things you wouldn’t normally do on a day to day basis on the fact that you are afraid of messing up is mental training. This can include, going to dances or group events if you tend to be more reserved, or talking in public/debating if you’re generally quite.

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Skills
Shooting
Moves and Handling
Finishing
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